Introduction to PH
This blog post is going to be all about pH. There is going to be lots of information to cover. I would recommend getting a notebook and a pen or pencil to write information down.
What is pH?
pH is based on a scale. It shows how acidic or how alkaline a solution is. The p stands for negative log- and the H is the chemical symbol for Hydrogen.
pH = -log [H]+
This equation is used to find the concentration of hydrogen ions. So, essentially pH is the concentration of [H]+ ions and [OH] - ions.
Looking at the chart it shows us a couple of things.
Important for the next couple of topics,
Ok! I get it know there, is a lot of fancy science involved. How does this apply to what we are doing?
let me explain.
We need to know the pH of our products for a couple of reasons:
1. We want to formulate according to where it is going to be applied:
So, let's put this into context. let's say you have a formulation of a Acid toner. After taking the pH of the toner you find it is at 2. let's say the ideal pH is 3.5. Your preservative says the pH needs to be between 3-7 to be effective. To resolve the issue you would need to add an alkalizing agent to the toner to bring the pH up. Typically it would be a NaOH solution at 30%. Add one drop at a time. Make sure to get a fresh strip every time. If you are using a meter. Get some distilled water to store the meter in. (if you have not done it in a while or you just got it then don't forget to calibrate it. I have how to do it on my Instagram in my highlights. (link) simply swirl it around and write down the value
Great, Videos on how to check and adjust pH:
*This is better to look at on a computer!*
General recap: We need to know the pH of our products to fit the needs of our product. It is simple but, important to find the pH of our products. Certain ingredients require certain pH's and we need to accommodate that in our formulations. We need to remember the pH of the area that we are applying it to to ensure that it is not going to be problematic.
I hope that you enjoyed this post as much as I have creating it. Stay tuned for the next post.
Next post will be about Sanitation and Safety.
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You are at your own risk when making anything from this blog. I am not liable for any mishaps that may occur. I do my best to include everything in the procedure so, that accident are less likely occur!